Unit 2 Assignments
Describing Matter

Heat Pump

MS-PS1-4, MS-PS3-3, MS-PS3-4
Water Cycle
Water Cycle

Gap Lessons -->
Science Skills
Friction & Gravity
Atoms & Elements
Pressure Washer
 Bundle 2 How does a change in thermal energy affect matter?
MS-ESS2-5. Evidence Statement
Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.
 [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on how air masses flow from regions of high pressure to low pressure, causing weather (defined by temperature, pressure, humidity, precipitation, and wind) at a fixed location to change over time, and how sudden changes in weather can result when different air masses collide. Emphasis is on how weather can be predicted within probabilistic ranges. Examples of data can be provided to students (such as weather maps, diagrams, and visualizations) or obtained through laboratory experiments (such as with condensation).] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include recalling the names of cloud types or weather symbols used on weather maps or the reported diagrams from weather stations.]
MS-ESS2-6. Evidence Statement
Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine global climates.
 [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on how patterns vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Emphasis of atmospheric circulation is on the sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting prevailing winds; emphasis of ocean circulation is on the transfer of heat by the global ocean convection cycle, which is constrained by the Coriolis effect and the outlines of continents. Examples of models can be diagrams, maps and globes, or digital representations.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include the dynamics of the Coriolis effect.]
These concepts of energy transfer connect to the idea that the ocean exerts a major influence on weather and climate by absorbing energy from the sun, releasing it over time, and globally redistributing it through ocean currents (ESS2.D as in MS-ESS2-6), which in turn connects to the idea that global movements of water and its changes in form are propelled by sunlight and gravity (ESS2.C as in MS-ESS2-4). These concepts also connect to the idea that complex patterns of the changes and the movement of water in the atmosphere, determined by winds, landforms, and ocean temperatures and currents, are major determinants of local weather patterns (ESS2.C as in MS-ESS2-5).

The idea that the iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution (ETS1.C as in MS-ETS1-4) could connect to several concepts, such as energy is spontaneously transferred out of hotter regions or objects and into colder ones (PS3.A as in MS-PS3-3) and weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things, and these interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography (ESS2.D as in MS-ESS26). These connections could be made through tasks such as designing a solar cooker or a device designed for a specific location and is used to harness energy for conversion to practical energy for human consumption such as electricity. For example, a wind-powered electrical generator would be effective and practical in some locations but not in others. In both tasks, students need an opportunity to test solutions to identify the most promising and then modify those to optimize their solutions.
Silver Sensing Thinking HandHow does  pressure work?
Silver Sensing Feeling HeartHow does pressure effect me?
Intuitive Thinking-HeadWhat types of pressures are there?
Silver Intuitive FeelingHow is pressure different in different things?
(Self Expressive)


Weather Practice Quiz & Espanol

Vocabulary Review Activities


BrainPop Animations and Practice Quizes

Winds: Chapter 2 Section 3: Pages 52-60

Air Masses & Fronts
: Chapter 3 Section 1: Pages 76-82

Currents & Climate
: Chapter 4 Section 4: Pages 134-140:

Predicting Weather
: Chapter 3 Section 3: Pages 99-109

What Causes Climate
?: Chapter 4 Section 1: Pages 112-119

Weather Text - All & Espanol

Science Skills Handbook
Appendix: Pages 202-214:
Process Skills Packet
Labs & Videos

Gizmos- Observing Weather


Gizmos-Hurricane Motion


Gizmos- CoastalWinds & Clouds


Gizmos- Weather Maps

Weather.com US Maps
Accuweather US Weather Maps

Gizmos Seasons in 3d


Ocean Surface Currents

Great Ocean Conveyor Belt

Ocean Models-Lawrence

Daily Wind Map Animation

NASA Jet Stream Visualization-Goddard

Net Weather Jet Stream model

KCRA Video - Jet Stream & Weather
PH What Causes Climate? ESS2-6
Graded Performance Assessment & Espanol
Alternative Minimum Assignment
  1. Chapter Project
  2. Chapter Test
  3. Exploration
  4. Key Terms
  5. Lab Investigation
  6. Performance Assessment
  7. Skills Lab
  8. Review and Assessment
PH Predicting Weather ESS2-5
Graded Performance Assessment

PE-ESS2-5 Textbook Excerpts
Alternative Minimum Assignment & pdf
  1. Chapter Project
  2. Chapter Test
  3. Exploration
  4. Key Terms
  5. Lab Investigation
  6. Performance Assessment
  7. Skills Lab
  8. Review and Assessment
Fluid Pressure
Fluid Pressure & Flow

write up an experiment
based on this activity.

Gizmos- Equilibrium & Pressure  Lab

write up an experiment

NASA Climate Kids

Annenberg Air Circulation -Climate

  1. Rome, Italy - Climate Data - Mean
  2. Daily Temp - Graphing & Analysis

Density Lab
Density Lab

write up an experiment

Gizmos- Density Lab

write up an experiment
NOAA Weather
NOAA Weather Prediction Center
National Weather Service Home
Jet Stream & other Student Pages
Online School For Weather

Weather.com US Maps
Accuweather US Weather Maps

WeatherWise Simulation Links Page
Bill Nye


Skate Park
Gas Properties

write up an experiment
based on this activity.
Under Pressure
Under Pressure

write up an experiment
based on this activity.
Prentice Hall Video

Forces In Fluids

Schlessinger Video

7-day loop
Daily Weather Maps - previous
Today's GIF
  Study Jams
  1. Air Pressure and Winds
  2. Earth's Atmosphere
  3. Air Masses & Fronts
  4. Weather & Climate
  5. Clouds & Precipitation
  6. Weather Instruments
  7. Waves & Currents
  8. Earth's Oceans
Past Climate Change

Brainpop - Greenhouse Effect & Espanol
Brainpop Extinctions & Espanol
PH Long-Term Climate Change Textbook p 134-138 & Espanol
Adapted Reading
Guided Reading
Section Summary
Review & Reinforce

Current Climate Change

Brainpop Climate Change & Espanol
Brainpop Population Growth & Espanol
Brainpop Air Pollution & Espanol
Bill Nye Global Climate Change
PH Global Changes in the AtmosphereTextbook p 139-146 & Espanol
Adapted Reading
Guided Reading
Section Summary
Review & Reinforce


Bill Nye Storms- Schooltube & 365 & Esp
Brainpop Tornadoes & Espanol
Brainpop Thunderstorms & Espanol
Brainpop Hurricanes & Espanol
Scholastic Severe Storms
PH Storms Textbook 83-94 & Espanol
Adapted Reading
Guided Reading
Skils Lab
Review & Reinforce

Discrepant Event




New situations/applications

project to share
Reading & Math Work

Math and DataMath Logo
Projects by Learning Style and Media Type
Silver Sensing THinking Hand Sensing-Thinking (Mastery)
  1. Create a diagram that shows showing how pressure can be created, used, or changed.
Silver Sensing Feeling Heart Sensing-Feeling (Interpersonal)
A time when you...
  1. Show how you use pressure in your daily life. .
Intuitive Thinking-Head Intuitive-Thinking (Understanding)
Playing with facts

  1. Create a diagram that compares or contrasts many different forms of pressure.
Silver Intuitive Feeling Intuitive-Feeling (Self-Expressive)
Creating new possibiliteis

  1. Show how pressure exists accross the universe in different media.

  1. Make a video or animation of energy  (see options above.) Narrate, subtitle, or text page to show this week's concepts.

  1. Create a PowerPoint, ToonDoo, or other graphic that shows one of the projects above.

garagebandPodcast Audio

  1. Make a radio show, podcast, or song about energy (see options above.) Narrate, subtitle, or text page to show this week's concepts.
ArtistMusicianLive Presentation Project

  1. Make a poster, play, song or cartoon showing your understanding of energy in its many forms.
Essential Vocabulary & Concepts
Picture Core Knowledge or Concept
Density is the amount of matter in a given space.
The property of an object to rise or sink is called buoyancy.
Water density depends on temperature and salinity (saltiness.)
force over area
Pressure  is a force spread over an area. 

Pressure (air or water) increases with depth because of the weight of the fluid above.
Pressure decreases at higher elevations or altitudes

Pressure in fluids (gasses and liquids) are transmitted or distributed in all directions.

Wind is created by air moving from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure.

Local Winds are created by the unequal heating of Earth's surface.

Global Winds are caused by the movement of air between the equator and Earth's poles

Coriolis effect- The effect of the Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and currents.
Northern hemisphere - tend to curve right,
Southern Hemisphere - tend to curve left. 

Jet Streams Bands of high speed winds 10 kilometers above Earth's surface. They blow from west to east at between 200 and 400 kilometers per hour. 

Air Mass A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and air pressure.
Tropical, Polar, Maritime, Continental
In the U.S., Colder, drier polar air masses move south from Canada. Warmer, more humid air masses move north from the Caribean.

Fronts - The area where air masses meet and interact.
Cold, Warm, Stationary, Occluded
Cold, dry air tends to sink and warm, moist air tends to rise up, over.

force over area Currents - A large stream of moving water that flows through the oceans
Surface Currents are driven mainly by winds.
Deep Currents are caused by differences in water density. Colder, more saline (salty) water follows the hills and valleys of the ocean floor.

El Ni´┐Żo A change in winds and currents in the Pacific that changes the weather for the American continents.

Blaise Pascal,,(1623-1662) French mathemetician and religious philosopher whose interest in the mercury barometer led him to climb mountains and experiment with pressure. He invented mechanical adding machines that predicted computers.

Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782) Swiss mathematician whosework with moving fluids is the basis of today's work with airplanes, submarines, water systems, and hydraulics.

Archimedes (287-212 BCE) Greek philosopher and mathematician. Supposed to have jumped out of his bath and ran down the streets when he discovered his famous principle of displaced fluids and buoyancy.


Hydraulic and pneumatic brakes in bicycles, motorcycles, cars, and trucks.